学习笔记TF022:产品环境模型部署、Docker镜像、Bazel工作区、导出模型、服务器、客户端

清醒疯子 发布于 6月前
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产品环境模型部署,创建简单Web APP,用户上传图像,运行Inception模型,实现图像自动分类。

搭建TensorFlow服务开发环境。安装Docker,https://docs.docker.com/engine/installation/ 。用配置文件在本地创建Docker镜像,docker build --pull -t $USER/tensorflow-serving-devel https://raw.githubusercontent.com/tensorflow/serving/master/tensorflow_serving/tools/docker/Dockerfile.devel 。镜像运行容器,docker run -v $HOME:/mnt/home -p 9999:9999 -it $USER/tensorflow-serving-devel ,在home目录加载到容器/mnt/home路径,在终端工作。用IDE或编辑器编辑代码,用容器运行构建工具,主机通过9999端口访问,构建服务器。exit命令退出容器终端,停止运行。

TensorFlow服务程序C++写,使用Google的Bazel构建工具。容器运行Bazel。Bazel代码级管理第三方依赖项。Bazel自动下载构建。项目库根目录定义WORKSPACE文件。TensorFlow模型库包含Inception模型代码。

TensorFlow服务在项目作为Git子模块。mkdir ~/servingexample,cd ~/servingexample,git init,git submodule add https://github.com/tensorflow/serving.git ,tf_serving,git submodule update --init --recursive 。

WORKSPACE文件localrepository规则定义第三方依赖为本地存储文件。项目导入tfworkspace规则初始化TensorFlow依赖项。

 workspace(name = "serving")

 local_repository(
     name = "tf_serving",
     path = __workspace_dir__ + "/tf_serving",
 )

 local_repository(
     name = "org_tensorflow",
     path = __workspace_dir__ + "/tf_serving/tensorflow",
 )

 load('//tf_serving/tensorflow/tensorflow:workspace.bzl', 'tf_workspace')
 tf_workspace("tf_serving/tensorflow/", "@org_tensorflow")

 bind(
     name = "libssl",
     actual = "@boringssl_git//:ssl",
 )

 bind(
     name = "zlib",
     actual = "@zlib_archive//:zlib",
 )

 local_repository(
     name = "inception_model",
     path = __workspace_dir__ + "/tf_serving/tf_models/inception",
 )

导出训练好的模型,导出数据流图及变量,给产品用。模型数据流图,必须从占位符接收输入,单步推断计算输出。Inception模型(或一般图像识别模型),JPEG编码图像字符串输入,与从TFRecord文件读取输入不同。定义输入占位符,调用函数转换占位符表示外部输入为原始推断模型输入格式,图像字符串转换为各分量位于[0, 1]内像素张量,缩放图像尺寸,符合模型期望宽度高度,像素值变换到模型要求区间[-1, 1]内。调用原始模型推断方法,依据转换输入推断结果。

推断方法各参数赋值。从检查点恢复参数值。周期性保存模型训练检查点文件,文件包含学习参数。最后一次保存训练检查点文件包含最后更新模型参数。下去载预训练检查点文件:http://download.tensorflow.org/models/imagenet/inception-v3-2016-03-01.tar.gz 。在Docker容器中,cd /tmp, curl -0 http://download.tensorflow.org/models/image/imagenet/inception-v3-2016-03-01.tar.gz, tar -xzf inception-v3-2016-03-01.tar.gz 。

tensorflowserving.sessionbundle.exporter.Exporter类导出模型。传入保存器实例创建实例,用exporter.classificationsignature创建模型签名。指定inputtensor、输出张量。classestensor 包含输出类名称列表、模型分配各类别分值(或概率)socrestensor。类别数多模型,配置指定仅返田大口tf.nntop_k选择类别,模型分配分数降序排列前K个类别。调用exporter.Exporter.init方法签名,export方法导出模型,接收输出路径、模型版本号、会话对象。Exporter类自动生成代码存在依赖,Doker容器内部使用中bazel运行导出器。代码保存到bazel工作区exporter.py。

 import time
 import sys

 import tensorflow as tf
 from tensorflow_serving.session_bundle import exporter
 from inception import inception_model

 NUM_CLASSES_TO_RETURN = 10

 def convert_external_inputs(external_x):
     image = tf.image.convert_image_dtype(tf.image.decode_jpeg(external_x, channels=3), tf.float32)
     images = tf.image.resize_bilinear(tf.expand_dims(image, 0), [299, 299])
     images = tf.mul(tf.sub(images, 0.5), 2)
     return images

 def inference(images):
     logits, _ = inception_model.inference(images, 1001)
     return logits

 external_x = tf.placeholder(tf.string)
 x = convert_external_inputs(external_x)
 y = inference(x)

 saver = tf.train.Saver()

 with tf.Session() as sess:
     ckpt = tf.train.get_checkpoint_state(sys.argv[1])
     if ckpt and ckpt.model_checkpoint_path:
         saver.restore(sess, sys.argv[1] + "/" + ckpt.model_checkpoint_path)
     else:
         print("Checkpoint file not found")
         raise SystemExit

     scores, class_ids = tf.nn.top_k(y, NUM_CLASSES_TO_RETURN)

     classes = tf.contrib.lookup.index_to_string(tf.to_int64(class_ids),
         mapping=tf.constant([str(i) for i in range(1001)]))

     model_exporter = exporter.Exporter(saver)
     signature = exporter.classification_signature(
         input_tensor=external_x, classes_tensor=classes, scores_tensor=scores)
     model_exporter.init(default_graph_signature=signature, init_op=tf.initialize_all_tables())
     model_exporter.export(sys.argv[1] + "/export", tf.constant(time.time()), sess)

一个构建规则BUILD文件。在容器命令运行导出器,cd /mnt/home/servingexample, hazel run:export /tmp/inception-v3 ,依据/tmp/inception-v3提到的检查点文件在/tmp/inception-v3/{currenttimestamp}/创建导出器。首次运行要对TensorFlow编译。load从外部导入protobuf库,导入ccproto_library规则定义,为proto文件定义构建规则。通过命令bazel run :server 9999 /tmp/inception-v3/export/{timestamp},容器运行推断服务器。

 py_binary(
     name = "export",
     srcs = [
         "export.py",
     ],
     deps = [
         "@tf_serving//tensorflow_serving/session_bundle:exporter",
         "@org_tensorflow//tensorflow:tensorflow_py",
         "@inception_model//inception",
     ],
 )

 load("@protobuf//:protobuf.bzl", "cc_proto_library")

 cc_proto_library(
     name="classification_service_proto",
     srcs=["classification_service.proto"],
     cc_libs = ["@protobuf//:protobuf"],
     protoc="@protobuf//:protoc",
     default_runtime="@protobuf//:protobuf",
     use_grpc_plugin=1
 )

 cc_binary(
     name = "server",
     srcs = [
         "server.cc",
         ],
     deps = [
         ":classification_service_proto",
         "@tf_serving//tensorflow_serving/servables/tensorflow:session_bundle_factory",
         "@grpc//:grpc++",
         ],
 )

定义服务器接口。TensorFlow服务使用gRPC协议(基于HTTP/2二进制协议)。支持创建服务器和自动生成客户端存根各种语言。在protocol buffer定义服务契约,用于gRPC IDL(接口定义语言)和二进制编码。接收JPEG编码待分类图像字符串输入,返回分数排列推断类别列表。定义在classificationservice.proto文件。接收图像、音频片段、文字服务可用可一接口。proto编译器转换proto文件为客户端和服务器类定义。bazel build:classificationserviceproto可行构建,通过bazel-genfiles/classificationservice.grpc.pb.h检查结果。推断逻辑,ClassificationService::Service接口必须实现。检查bazel-genfiles/classification_service.pb.h查看request、response消息定义。proto定义变成每种类型C++接口。

 syntax = "proto3";

 message ClassificationRequest {
    // bytes input = 1;
    float petalWidth = 1;
    float petalHeight = 2;
    float sepalWidth = 3;
    float sepalHeight = 4;
 };

 message ClassificationResponse {
    repeated ClassificationClass classes = 1;
 };

 message ClassificationClass {
    string name = 1;
    float score = 2;
 }

 service ClassificationService {
    rpc classify(ClassificationRequest) returns (ClassificationResponse);
 }

实现推断服务器。加载导出模型,调用推断方法,实现ClassificationService::Service。导出模型,创建SessionBundle对象,包含完全加载数据流图TF会话对象,定义导出工具分类签名元数据。SessionBundleFactory类创建SessionBundle对象,配置为pathToExportFiles指定路径加载导出模型,返回创建SessionBundle实例unique指针。定义ClassificationServiceImpl,接收SessionBundle实例参数。

加载分类签名,GetClassificationSignature函数加载模型导出元数据ClassificationSignature,签名指定所接收图像真实名称的输入张量逻辑名称,以及数据流图输出张量逻辑名称映射推断结果。将protobuf输入变换为推断输入张量,request参数复制JPEG编码图像字符串到推断张量。运行推断,sessionbundle获得TF会话对象,运行一次,传入输入输出张量推断。推断输出张量变换protobuf输出,输出张量结果复制到ClassificationResponse消息指定形状response输出参数格式化。设置gRPC服务器,SessionBundle对象配置,创建ClassificationServiceImpl实例样板代码。

 #include <iostream>
 #include <memory>
 #include <string>

 #include <grpc++/grpc++.h>

 #include "classification_service.grpc.pb.h"

 #include "tensorflow_serving/servables/tensorflow/session_bundle_factory.h"

 using namespace std;
 using namespace tensorflow::serving;
 using namespace grpc;

 unique_ptr<SessionBundle> createSessionBundle(const string& pathToExportFiles) {
    SessionBundleConfig session_bundle_config = SessionBundleConfig();
    unique_ptr<SessionBundleFactory> bundle_factory;
    SessionBundleFactory::Create(session_bundle_config, &bundle_factory);

    unique_ptr<SessionBundle> sessionBundle;
    bundle_factory->CreateSessionBundle(pathToExportFiles, &sessionBundle);

    return sessionBundle;
 }


 class ClassificationServiceImpl final : public ClassificationService::Service {

   private:
    unique_ptr<SessionBundle> sessionBundle;

   public:
     ClassificationServiceImpl(unique_ptr<SessionBundle> sessionBundle) :
    sessionBundle(move(sessionBundle)) {};

    Status classify(ServerContext* context, const ClassificationRequest* request,
                ClassificationResponse* response) override {

       ClassificationSignature signature;
       const tensorflow::Status signatureStatus =
         GetClassificationSignature(sessionBundle->meta_graph_def, &signature);

       if (!signatureStatus.ok()) {
          return Status(StatusCode::INTERNAL, signatureStatus.error_message());
       }

       tensorflow::Tensor input(tensorflow::DT_STRING, tensorflow::TensorShape());
       input.scalar<string>()() = request->input();

       vector<tensorflow::Tensor> outputs;

       const tensorflow::Status inferenceStatus = sessionBundle->session->Run(
          {{signature.input().tensor_name(), input}},
          {signature.classes().tensor_name(), signature.scores().tensor_name()},
          {},
          &outputs);

       if (!inferenceStatus.ok()) {
          return Status(StatusCode::INTERNAL, inferenceStatus.error_message());
       }

       for (int i = 0; i < outputs[0].NumElements(); ++i) {
          ClassificationClass *classificationClass = response->add_classes();
          classificationClass->set_name(outputs[0].flat<string>()(i));
          classificationClass->set_score(outputs[1].flat<float>()(i));
       }

         return Status::OK;

     }
 };


 int main(int argc, char** argv) {

     if (argc < 3) {
        cerr << "Usage: server <port> /path/to/export/files" << endl;
       return 1;
     }

    const string serverAddress(string("0.0.0.0:") + argv[1]);
    const string pathToExportFiles(argv[2]);

    unique_ptr<SessionBundle> sessionBundle = createSessionBundle(pathToExportFiles);

    ClassificationServiceImpl classificationServiceImpl(move(sessionBundle));

     ServerBuilder builder;
     builder.AddListeningPort(serverAddress, grpc::InsecureServerCredentials());
     builder.RegisterService(&classificationServiceImpl);

     unique_ptr<Server> server = builder.BuildAndStart();
     cout << "Server listening on " << serverAddress << endl;

     server->Wait();

     return 0;
 }

通过服务器端组件从webapp访问推断服务。运行Python protocol buffer编译器,生成ClassificationService Python protocol buffer客户端:pip install grpcio cython grpcio-tools, python -m grpc.tools.protoc -I. --pythonout=. --grpcpythonout=. classificationservice.proto。生成包含调用服务stub classificationservicepb2.py 。服务器接到POST请求,解析发送表单,创建ClassificationRequest对象 。分类服务器设置一个channel,请求提交,分类响应渲染HTML,送回用户。容器外部命令python client.py,运行服务器。浏览器导航http://localhost:8080 访问UI。

 from BaseHTTPServer import HTTPServer, BaseHTTPRequestHandler

 import cgi
 import classification_service_pb2
 from grpc.beta import implementations

 class ClientApp(BaseHTTPRequestHandler):
     def do_GET(self):
         self.respond_form()

     def respond_form(self, response=""):

         form = """
         <html><body>
         <h1>Image classification service</h1>
         <form enctype="multipart/form-data" method="post">
         <div>Image: <input type="file" name="file" accept="image/jpeg"></div>
         <div><input type="submit" value="Upload"></div>
         </form>
         %s
         </body></html>
         """

         response = form % response

         self.send_response(200)
         self.send_header("Content-type", "text/html")
         self.send_header("Content-length", len(response))
         self.end_headers()
         self.wfile.write(response)

     def do_POST(self):

         form = cgi.FieldStorage(
             fp=self.rfile,
             headers=self.headers,
             environ={
                 'REQUEST_METHOD': 'POST',
                 'CONTENT_TYPE': self.headers['Content-Type'],
             })

         request = classification_service_pb2.ClassificationRequest()
         request.input = form['file'].file.read()

         channel = implementations.insecure_channel("127.0.0.1", 9999)
         stub = classification_service_pb2.beta_create_ClassificationService_stub(channel)
         response = stub.classify(request, 10) # 10 secs timeout

         self.respond_form("<div>Response: %s</div>" % response)


 if __name__ == '__main__':
     host_port = ('0.0.0.0', 8080)
     print "Serving in %s:%s" % host_port
     HTTPServer(host_port, ClientApp).serve_forever()

产品准备,分类服务器应用产品。编译服务器文件复制到容器永久位置,清理所有临时构建文件。容器中,mkdir /opt/classificationserver, cd /mnt/home/servingexample, cp -R bazel-bin/. /opt/classification_server, bazel clean 。容器外部,状态提交新Docker镜像,创建记录虚拟文件系统变化快照。容器外,docker ps, dock commit 。图像推送到自己偏好docker服务云,服务。

参考资料: 《面向机器智能的TensorFlow实践》

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