学习笔记CB005:关键词、语料提取

清醒疯子 发布于 4月前 | 更新于 4月前
无人欣赏。

关键词提取。pynlpir库实现关键词提取。

# coding:utf-8

import sys
import importlib
importlib.reload(sys)

import pynlpir

pynlpir.open()
s = '怎么才能把电脑里的垃圾文件删除'

key_words = pynlpir.get_key_words(s, weighted=True)
for key_word in key_words:
    print(key_word[0], 't', key_word[1])

pynlpir.close()

百度接口:https://www.baidu.com/s?wd=机器学习 数据挖掘 信息检索

安装scrapy pip install scrapy。创建scrapy工程 scrapy startproject baidusearch。做抓取器,创建baidusearch/baidusearch/spiders/baidusearch.py文件。

# coding:utf-8

import sys
import importlib
importlib.reload(sys)

import scrapy

class BaiduSearchSpider(scrapy.Spider):
    name = "baidu_search"
    allowed_domains = ["baidu.com"]
    start_urls = [
            "https://www.baidu.com/s?wd=电脑 垃圾 文件 删除"
    ]

    def parse(self, response):
        filename = "result.html"
        with open(filename, 'wb') as f:
            f.write(response.body)

修改settings.py文件,ROBOTSTXTOBEY = False,USERAGENT = 'Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10114) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/50.0.2661.102 Safari/537.36' ,DOWNLOAD_TIMEOUT = 5 ,

进入baidusearch/baidusearch/目录,scrapy crawl baidu_search 。生成result.html,正确抓取网页。

语料提取。搜索结果只是索引。真正内容需进入链接。分析抓取结果,链接嵌在class=c-container Div h3 a标签 href属性。url添加到抓取队列抓取。提取正文,去掉标签,保存摘要。提取url时,提取标题和摘要,scrapy.Request meta传递到处理函数parse_url,抓取完成后能接到这两个值,提取content。完整数据:url、title、abstract、content。

# coding:utf-8

import sys
import importlib
importlib.reload(sys)

import scrapy
from scrapy.utils.markup import remove_tags

class BaiduSearchSpider(scrapy.Spider):
    name = "baidu_search"
    allowed_domains = ["baidu.com"]
    start_urls = [
            "https://www.baidu.com/s?wd=电脑 垃圾 文件 删除"
    ]

    def parse(self, response):
        # filename = "result.html"
        # with open(filename, 'wb') as f:
        #     f.write(response.body)
        hrefs = response.selector.xpath('//div[contains(@class, "c-container")]/h3/a/@href').extract()
        # for href in hrefs:
        #     print(href)
        #     yield scrapy.Request(href, callback=self.parse_url)
        containers = response.selector.xpath('//div[contains(@class, "c-container")]')
        for container in containers:
            href = container.xpath('h3/a/@href').extract()[0]
            title = remove_tags(container.xpath('h3/a').extract()[0])
            c_abstract = container.xpath('div/div/div[contains(@class, "c-abstract")]').extract()
            abstract = ""
            if len(c_abstract) > 0:
                abstract = remove_tags(c_abstract[0])
            request = scrapy.Request(href, callback=self.parse_url)
            request.meta['title'] = title
            request.meta['abstract'] = abstract
            yield request

    def parse_url(self, response):
        print(len(response.body))
        print("url:", response.url)
        print("title:", response.meta['title'])
        print("abstract:", response.meta['abstract'])
        content = remove_tags(response.selector.xpath('//body').extract()[0])
        print("content_len:", len(content))

参考资料:

《Python 自然语言处理》

http://www.shareditor.com/blogshow/?blogId=43

http://www.shareditor.com/blogshow?blogId=76

欢迎推荐上海机器学习工作机会,我的微信:qingxingfengzi

暂无回复
登录 或者 注册